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qki-bo100 [2019/08/17 15:04] (current)
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 +===== BO-100 KARD =====
  
 +
 +==== INTRODUCTION ====
 +
 +The BO-100 is a simple Kard that is used to bias microcontroller and rail pins of the hosted Kard.  The concept is to tie most of the signals that come to a Kard slot to a single net though 0603 resistor pad.  These pad can be populated countless numbers of ways to provide simple signal conditioning from the outside world to the microcontroller.
 +
 +==== DOCUMENTATION ====
 +
 +{{:​bo-100_kard_rev-x1.zip|BO-100 Kard REV-X1 Eagle Design Files}}
 +
 +{{::​plpb-0046-rev-x1_bo-100_kard_schematic.pdf|PLPB-0046-REV-X1_BO-100 Kard Schematic}}
 +
 +{{:​kards:​bo-100_kard_back.png?​direct|}}  ​
 +
 +{{:​kards:​bo-100_kard_front.png?​direct|}}
 +
 +[[start#​kards_tm_for_kardio|Back to Kard List]]
 +
 +==== USER INSTRUCTIONS ====
 +
 +The Quick240 contains 6 card slots which are numbered from 0 to 5). Each of these Kard slots has connections to different voltages and ground. Additionally each Kard slot has connections to 4 of the GPIOs located on the screw terminal strip (each of which is numbered 0 to 3). You will notice on the terminal strip, that each of these
 +positions are labeled in the format CxPy (e.g. C0P1, C2P3 etc.) The number after the C specifies the card slot (0 to 5), while the number after the P specifies the port number (0 to 3). For example, '​C0P1'​ specifies Kard Slot 0, Port 0 and '​C3P2'​ specifies Kard Slot 3, Port 2. ***NOTE the reason the slots pins are labled CxPy instead of KxPy is because we could resist having a C3P0 written on the silkscreen.
 +
 +The BO-100 Kard controls how the connection is made between the different signals on an individual Kard slot, and each of the 4 terminal strip positions assigned to that Kard Slot. There are many options on how you can connect a terminal strip position. For example, you may assign a terminal strip position to:
 +
 +- 3.3V \\
 +- Ground \\
 +- 5V \\
 +- 24V \\
 +- +VRail \\
 +- -VRail \\
 +- One Of 3 uC pins. \\
 +
 +If you choose to connect the terminal position to a uC controller pin,you may also implement the following. \\
 +
 +- Pull Ups (Or Pull Downs) to any of the available powers or grounds. \\
 +- A voltage divider between the terminal position and the uC pin. \\
 +
 +=== PORT  GROUPS ===
 +
 +The Kard is divided into 4 groups, each of which control the connections to a single terminal strip position. Each of these groups contain 10 resistors. You can determine which of the 4 terminal strip positions the group controls by looking at the vertical resistor located to the left of each group (Labeled P0, P1, P2 or P3).
 +
 +=== POPULATING THE RESISTORS ===
 +
 +You will need a minimum of 2 resistors in each group to properly make a connection.  ​
 +
 +== BASIC CONNECTIONS ==
 +
 +1) Determine which Kard slot you wish to use. This will depend on where on the terminal strip you wish to make  your connection and which processor pin you wish to have access to.  \\
 +2) Determine which of the 4 Ports you wish to configure. \\
 +3) Populate a zero ohm resistor in resistor position P0,P1,P2 or P3 depending on which port you wish to use. \\
 +4) Using the chart located [[https://​docs.google.com/​spreadsheets/​d/​1iuTnq6QXM0-wfqA0hieUiUOBKQlofFtUp_N9SmLPoe8/​pubhtml?​gid=0&​single=true|Here]],​ populate the second resistor in the group. \\
 +
 +== VOLTAGE DIVIDERS ==
 +
 +This is only applicable for processor connections.  ​
 +
 +The port resistor (P0, P1, P2 or P3) is connected between the GPIO port, and a net which is common to all of the other resistors in port group.
 +Because all of these resistors are on a common net, you can implement a variety of voltage divider topologies by populated resistors of varying values on these nets.
 +For example, a basic 25% voltage divider can be implemented on P0 as follows:\\
 +
 +1) Place a zero ohm resistor connecting one of the uC pins. (R12, R13 or R14) \\
 +2) Place a 30K resistor in position P0. \\
 +3) Place as 10K resistor in position R11. \\
 +
 +
 +
 +==== OTHER INFORMATION ====
 +
 +<code cpp Quick240 BO100 Useful arrays>
 +/*guick board
 +  These two arrays are useful when using a B100 Kard with a Quick board
 + */
 + 
 +// KardCxPx is a multi-dimensional array where the first
 +// index points the Kard slot and the second point to the
 +// GPIO pin on the Kard, the first four GPIO pins generaly
 +// connect to the rail pin Px.
 +uint8_t KardCxPx[7][6] = {
 +                    { 68, 58, 62, 55, 82, 32 }, // Kard 0
 +                    { 57, 56, 63, 54, 83, 31 }, // Kard 1
 +                    { 86, 64,  5, 70, 84, 30 }, // Kard 2
 +                    { 22, 76,  9,  2, 35, 52 }, // Kard 3
 +                    { 23, 39,  8, 21, 34, 50 }, // Kard 4
 +                    { 78, 79, 10, 20, 33, 85 }, // Kard 5
 +                    {  0,  1, 19, 18, 71, 44 }, // Kard Com
 +                   };
 +//​KardCxPx5v works just like KardCxPx except there is a 1 
 +//for pins that are 5 volt tolerant and can be used open collector
 +uint8_t KardCxPx5v[7][6] = {
 +                    { 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1 }, // Kard 0
 +                    { 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1 }, // Kard 1
 +                    { 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1 }, // Kard 2
 +                    { 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 }, // Kard 3
 +                    { 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 }, // Kard 4
 +                    { 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0 }, // Kard 5
 +                    { 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0 }, // Kard Com //has only on dedicated IO pin
 +                   };
 +
 +</​code>​
 +==== Kard GPIO Pin to Rail Pin Map ====
 +^Kard GPIO Pin^Rail Pin^
 +|gpio 0|CxP0|
 +|gpio 1|CxP1|
 +|gpio 2|CxP2|
 +|gpio 3|CxP3|
 +|gpio 4|unmapped|
 +
 +The following is a [[https://​docs.google.com/​spreadsheets/​d/​1iuTnq6QXM0-wfqA0hieUiUOBKQlofFtUp_N9SmLPoe8/​pubhtml?​gid=0&​single=true|cheat sheet]] for helping to decided which resistors need to be populated when using a BO-100 board. ​ The numeric values in the cells such as (68) represent the abstracted wiring library pin number that would be used with pinMode(), digitalRead() or digitalWrite() functions.
 +
 +{{url>​https://​docs.google.com/​spreadsheets/​d/​1iuTnq6QXM0-wfqA0hieUiUOBKQlofFtUp_N9SmLPoe8/​pubhtml?​gid=0&​single=true|loading...}}
 +
 +====Example====
 +<code cpp Quick240 BO100 Example>
 +/*
 +BO-100 as analog input divider to read distance on a linear Pot
 +Circuit required
 +BO-100 Kard in Slot 0
 +   0 ohm r5,​12,​15,​22,​25,​32,​35,​42
 +   1k ohm r10,​20,​30,​40
 +0-10K pot on inputs C0P0-C0P3 wiper, low side connected to ground, high side floating
 +*/
 +
 +void setup(){
 +  pinMode(C0IO0,​INPUT);​
 +  pinMode(C0IO1,​INPUT);​
 +  pinMode(C0IO2,​INPUT);​
 +  pinMode(C0IO3,​INPUT);​
 +  Serial.begin(115200);​
 +}
 +
 +void loop(){
 +  Serial.print("​Zero:​ "); //tag
 +  Serial.println(CalcPosition(analogRead(C0IO0)),​4);//​print calculated position
 +  Serial.print("​One:​ "); //tag
 +  Serial.println(CalcPosition(analogRead(C0IO1)),​4);//​print calculated position
 +  Serial.print("​Two:​ "); //tag
 +  Serial.println(CalcPosition(analogRead(C0IO2)),​4);//​print calculated position
 +  Serial.print("​Three:​ "); //tag
 +  Serial.println(CalcPosition(analogRead(C0IO3)),​4);//​print calculated position
 +  delay(1000);​
 +}
 +
 +//returns distance down sensor where touch is or -1 when untouched
 +double CalcPosition(unsigned int input)
 +{
 +  const double length_mm = 100;
 +  //resistor divider has range of 0-3v while connected
 +  const double max_read_in_range = 1023*3/3.3; //3.3 is adc vRef, 1023 is adc full scale count
 +  double calculated = (double)input/​max_read_in_range*length_mm;​ //
 +  if(input>​max_read_in_range+10){ // add a little for errors and unconnected is 1023
 +    return -1;
 +  } else {
 +    return calculated;
 +  }
 +}
 +</​code>​
qki-bo100.txt ยท Last modified: 2019/08/17 15:04 (external edit)